Cutting Red Tape to get Albertans Back to Work

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“Red tape is expensive. It imposes massive costs on doing business and kills jobs. A United Conservative government would create a Minister for Red Tape Reduction to work with all departments and agencies to reduce the regulatory burden by one-third and accelerate the timelines for regulatory approval. Our Red Tape Reduction Action Plan is a key part of our strategy to reignite the economy and get Alberta working again.”

  • According to the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, regulation costs $6,700 per employee on average for a small business. For a business with five employees, the cost is more than $33,000 – equivalent to an entry-level job.

For more information on the United Conservatives’ Red Tape Reduction Action Plan’s particular initiatives, please see below.

  • The Canadian Federation of Independent Business says regulation across Canada costs over $36 billion annually with nearly one-third of unnecessary “red tape” that could be done away with.1
  • $6,744 per employee2—that’s almost $34,000 for a business with five employees—one whole entry-level job.
  • Alberta has a “red tape” problem. It may not have started under the NDP government—Alberta has never scored higher than a “D” since 2011—but it has certainly worsened under the NDP. The CFIB gave Alberta an “F” in its 2018 Red Tape Report Card.3

 

 

Regulatory delays in energy in specific

  • Alberta’s biggest job-creators also face regulatory red tape and those delays are sending oil and gas jobs to Saskatchewan and Texas. The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers estimates Saskatchewan has as much as a 140-day advantage over Alberta in getting wells licensed. Texas has as much as a 190-day advantage.4
  • A recent survey of energy executives conducted by the Fraser Institute found that 68 percent believe that the province’s regulatory burden is a deterrent for investment.5

 

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Examples of regulations and regulatory approaches a UCP government will revise

Over-regulation: Order more beer—or no discount for you!

Restaurants Canada notes how the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Control (AGLC) regulations requires pubs and restaurateurs to order a minimum 25 cases (a full palate) of alcohol beverages from the AGLC warehouse. Without a 25-case order, the AGLC will not serve —the only way to get a wholesale rate for beer, wine and spirits.

Because many smaller pubs and restaurants do not have the financial ability to tie up their money in large orders and inventory, or have the space, they have to buy beer, wine and spirits at retail prices from liquor stores. 

It would be easy for the provincial government to order ALCB to allow for small minimum orders. This would allow smaller restaurants and pubs to buy at wholesale prices and reduce their liquor costs and help their struggling businesses.

Beer flows north—then south

A Calgary brewer has complained that under ‘insane’ AGLC regulations, some local craft brewers must send beer to a centralized warehouse north of Edmonton, before serving in Calgary.7

“Hog-tied by policy and regulation”

Rob DeGroot of Edmonton’s Red Cup Distillery told Edmonton media last year that bureaucratic red tape was interfering in his business plans for an Alberta-made gelato ice cream spiked with alcohol, called Alberta-made moonshine”. After months of regulatory hassles, de Groot decided to sell his new gelato in the United States instead.8

Five Year Delay to Invest $2 billion

Imperial Oil had to wait nearly five years for final provincial regulatory approval of its proposed $2 billion Aspen oilsands project. As Imperial President Rich Kruger said, ““I have lived and worked in a lot of places, and four and a half years to get a project that has strong economics, pace-setting environmental performance, is inordinately long.”9

Border control and wide-load signs for the trucking industry 

In Canada, each province has its own regulations for what the sign must look like. Technically, truck drivers with wide loads must pull over on the side of the highway and change the wide load sign at every provincial border to meet the requirements of each jurisdiction.10

Given the above, it’s no wonder why 80% of small business owners tell the CFIB that “excessive government regulations add significant stress to my life.” 

A United Conservative government would reduce Alberta’s regulatory burden by at least one third within its first term. Our goal would be to move from the worst to the best regulatory ranking amongst Canadian provinces, as measured by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business.

This goal will be achieved through a Red Tape Reduction Action Plan, which will include the following initiatives:

1. Pass a Red Tape Reduction Act

A UCP government will propose and adopt a Red Tape Reduction Act in the spring or summer of 2019 to measure, report and reduce the regulatory burden imposed by the Government of Alberta, and the time required for regulatory decisions to be made.

The Act will be based in part on Saskatchewan’s 2013 Regulatory Modernization and Accountability Act, Manitoba’s 2018 Red Tape Reduction and Government Efficiency Act, and Ontario’s 2016 Burden Reduction Act.

Following consultations with Albertans throughout 2019, the Red Tape Reduction Act will be amended by the end of the year to include legislated timelines for regulatory approval for various departments and agencies, including the Alberta Energy Regulator, the goal of which will be to achieve the fastest approval process in North America.

2. Appoint a dedicated Minister for Red Tape Reduction.

The Associate Minister for Red Tape Reduction will receive a government-wide mandate to lead the initiative, with clear backing from the Premier to challenge all Ministers, departments and agencies to meet the one third reduction target, and accelerated timelines for regulatory approval.  Every minister’s mandate letter will outline goals to be achieved, beginning with a tabulation of the current regulatory burden within each ministry and agency.

3. Industry Panels to Inform Red Tape Reduction

Replicating the successful BC model, a UCP government will establish panels for every major sector of the economy to be made up of representatives with practical knowledge and experience in dealing with regulatory policy. These panels will provide ongoing input to the Associate Minister for Red Tape Reduction, and other relevant Ministers and officials, on where regulatory savings can be found. Industry panels will be tasked with identifying “low hanging fruit” in 2019, as some economists estimate that approximately 20% of regulations impose 80% of the cost burden on employers.

4. One In / One Out Rule

For the initial period of the Red Tape Reduction Action Plan, agencies or ministries proposing new regulations to Cabinet will be required to identify at least one offsetting regulation for elimination. Regulations required to implement platform commitments will be exempted to allow for faster implementation.

5. Establish Red Tape Challenge Website for public input:

Replicate the United Kingdom Government’s successful Red Tape Challenge to crowdsource input from businesses, organizations and the public on which regulations should be improved, kept or scrapped (see above.)

Crowdsourcing is a means of decentralizing decision-making by asking the ‘crowd’ to express their views, propose solutions and give insights on a particular issue and then using these views in public policy. The Red Tape Challenge program will invite the general public to comment via the internet on the usefulness of regulations within a set time limit. People will be able to comment both publicly through comments on the website or through a non-public e-mail inbox.

6. Move from process to outcome based regulatory approach

All departments and agencies will be directed to replicate the best regulatory practices in other jurisdictions by moving from an process to an outcome based approach, wherever feasible.  In the words of a Natural Resources Canada review of research literature on regulatory models:

“Prescriptive regulations detail the design and process of how to comply with regulations. One of the advantages of prescriptive regulations is that compliance is easily identifiable. Arguably, prescriptive regulations are easier to monitor and enforce, but they provide very little flexibility. They have been thought to impede innovation; as companies are less inclined to invest in new technologies or materials for fear that they may not comply with regulations.

“In contrast outcome-based regulations, also known as performance-based regulations or results-based regulations are thought to be more flexible and less costly. Performance objectives or results are clearly outlined but the industry is able to decide for itself how it will achieve these results. This may encourage innovation; particularly if existing technologies cannot meet the new requirements, and this may reduce their compliance costs. Companies also have an improved understanding of their regulatory obligations and can be held more accountable to the results they produce because of their active participation in the regulatory process.”11

7. Public sector red tape reduction

The regulatory burden not only stifles private sector economic growth, but also makes governments less efficient. In the words of Professor Donald Savoie, one of Canada’s leading experts on public administration, there are now “too many people checking and not enough doing” within government due to a constant layering of internal procedural requirements.12

One example of this is the Government of Alberta’s imposition of large administrative burdens on municipalities to comply with policy, funding and regulatory mandates. Many smaller municipalities report that these administrative burdens imposed by the Province are difficult to manage, given their limited resources.

The UCP’s Red Tape Reduction Action Plan would therefore include benchmarking and reduction of internal government rules and regulations.  This would include working with municipalities, schools, universities, hospitals and other public sector organizations to identify and rationalize the administrative mandates imposed by the Government of Alberta and its agencies. 

8. End barriers to interprovincial free trade.

Trade barriers between provinces still harm the ability of every Canadian, including Albertans, to create jobs, to find work, and to provide for families. All too often, Albertans find it easier to trade with the U.S., than they do with other provinces.

This goes against the vision of Confederation that envisioned Canada as one common market-with no internal barriers to trade.13

A 2008 report by the Government of Alberta estimated the cost to Canada’s economy from provincial trade barriers to be $14 billion per year.14 Statistics Canada estimates that interprovincial trade barriers are the equivalent of a 6.9% tariff on trade within Canada.15

In 2016, the Senate Banking Committee suggested that if governments fail to act to reduce trade barriers within Canada, the cost to Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) could range between $50 billion to $130 billion.16

In 2018, BMO estimated that eliminating these provincial barriers would add 2 percent (or $50 billion) to Canada’s GDP over a decade.17

Although all ten provinces signed the Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) in 2017, replacing the 1995 Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT), penalties for non-compliance are relatively minor and there are more than 135 pages of various exemptions. 

The NDP government has been ineffective on the file.18 Indeed, some of its actions have even resulted in more barriers to trade within Canada, including on something as simple as beer.

Therefore, a UCP government will:

• Work with other premiers to accelerate the work of the Regulatory Reconciliation and Cooperation Table (RCT), established under the Canadian Free Trade Agreement in order to break down barriers, most notably taking action on the list of items included in the RCT work plan.19

• Call for a full review of the CFTA at the Council of Federation meetings, with a view to further eliminating barriers to trade, investment and labour mobility20
 by ensuring that the Canadian Free Trade Agreement:

− Covers all sectors of the economy and includes all government entities, including ministries, crown corporations and regional and local governments, without exception.

− Institutes a dispute resolution mechanism for persons that includes access to a panel with binding and enforceable powers.

− Includes the ability to impose higher financial penalties that are more appropriately reflective of the stakes inherent in interprovincial trade.

− Includes a specific focus on the removal of barriers to inter-provincial trade in wine, beer and spirits.21

• Modernize the New West Partnership22 (NWP) to achieve complete elimination of barriers to trade, full reciprocal recognition of occupational certification, and apprenticeship harmonization between Alberta and participating provinces.

• Sign the existing Memorandum of Understanding between Premiers Scott Moe and Doug Ford23 to reduce interprovincial trade barriers and work to bring other provinces, such as Manitoba and New Brunswick, into the fold.

• If need be, unilaterally eliminate current and future “carve-out” exemptions in the Canadian Free Trade Agreement as they apply to Alberta. In other words, a UCP government could, if progress is slow on removing barriers, unilaterally drop most barriers for other Canadians who want to invest in, do business in or work in Alberta.


Alberta Chambers of Commerce

“Mounting costs being layered on business by changes to government regulation and policy is the single greatest challenge to business competitiveness and shared prosperity.”

“Costs from complying with increasing regulation are choking Alberta’s free enterprise. In a 2017 survey of energy-sector executives, 68 percent said environmental regulations would deter investment, compared to only 32 percent who felt the same way about regulations in 2013.24


Calgary Chamber of Commerce

“The regulatory environment has become a challenge for businesses in Alberta. Inefficient regulations impact Alberta businesses’ ability to get things done and create employment.25


Canadian Federation of Independent Business

“The government has refused to recognize the growing regulatory burden as a significant challenge facing entrepreneurs.”

“Alberta policy makers do not believe the number of individual regulations is correlated to the burden imposed by regulation. A private members’ bill to put constraints on regulators was defeated by the [NDP] government.26

“Alberta’s business owners confront government red tape at every turn. And if entrepreneurs are busy filling out forms, ticking boxes, and surfing websites, that means they are not doing what they love to do: running their business, creating jobs, and supporting the local community.

Red tape not only wastes precious time, but costs business owners a lot of money too. That is why cutting red tape in a meaningful way is one of the top priorities for our province’s entrepreneurs, and should be for the government too.”

“It is critical the next Alberta Government commit to leadership and accountability in tackling the burden of red tape.27


Imperial Oil CEO Rich Kruger

“I have lived and worked in a lot of places, and four-and-a-half years to get a project that has strong economics, pace-setting environmental performance, is inordinately long. This is an illustration of the long, costly, uncertain regulatory environment that the energy industry faces in this country right now.28


Fraser Institute

“Investors have been saying loud and clear for years that Alberta is increasingly an unattractive jurisdiction for investment because of needless and costly red tape.”

“Reducing the province’s regulatory burden would help attract much-needed investment, spur economic growth and improve living standards for Albertans.29


Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers

“We need government to address the policy and regulatory challenges that make Alberta less competitive compared to other jurisdictions. In order to improve competitiveness we need to streamline the regulatory process by reducing timelines, modernizing our current regulations and improving efficiency.30


Okotoks and District Chamber of Commerce:

Cumbersome red tape, lengthy processing times for approval and complex reporting obligations result in companies having to expend valuable time and resources on understanding and meeting technical requirements, with many having to hire external consultants just to fulfill the associated paperwork requirements. As a result, companies have fewer internal resources to finance investments in assets, knowledge and innovation. In other words, all of this adds up to less time and resources let to invest into their business.31


Red Deer & District Chamber of Commerce:

In this ‘new normal’ of subdued economic growth we’re seeing in real-time, capital investment and equipment move across borders where the turnaround time and cost of compliance is a fraction of what it is here. Red-tape is not as obvious as other obstacles such as wage costs and tax burden, but can have just as big of an impact.32


ATB Finance, Economics & Research

Corporate tax increases along with the provincial carbon levy and costlier environmental regulations have resulted in weak job growth, layoffs, and the highest unemployment rate outside of Atlantic Canada.33


CAODC

Unfortunately, in recent years pipeline projects—including the Trans Mountain Expansion Project (TMX) currently—have been beset by controversy, delay and cancellation caused by legislative red tape, stiff opposition, government negotiations and political wrangling.34


Edmonton Chamber of Commerce

The burden of new policy and regulatory changes have all meant higher costs on businesses struggling in a challenging economy. The impact includes both the direct costs of policy changes and the costs incurred by businesses as they work to comply with new regulations.

The Province must enhance the competitiveness of Alberta businesses by addressing the ever-increasing taxes, fees and regulatory costs layered onto business from all orders of government.35


Restaurants Canada

Unfortunately, many of Alberta’s restaurants are struggling to survive due to a number of recent legislative and regulatory changes that have dramatically increased the cost of doing business in the province.36


Alberta Continuing Care Association

The extra regulatory burdens add cost, time, excessive work, and staffing requirements that are not necessary or efficient. This is creating numerous challenges for CC providers and for Albertans who need the CC supports. Operators don’t want lower standards – they want clear and reasonable standards with timely and efficient processes.37

The British Columbia Model

In 2001, a BC Liberal government was elected after campaigning on a platform to improve the economy by reducing taxes and regulation. A minister of deregulation (Kevin Falcon) was appointed to lead the file and ensure that the government’s specific campaign promise of reducing regulation by one-third in three years, which was met.

The first baseline count revealed 382,139 regulatory requirements across government. Government departments and agencies were required to track progress against their own baselines, which were made public quarterly and discussed regularly at cabinet meetings. A Regulatory reform checklist was put into place, on which the Minister was required to sign off. Initially, when the measuring began, it was required that two regulatory requirements be removed for every one added.

After reducing the number by one third over 3 years, the Government of BC announced and maintained a net zero increase through to 2008 by introducing a one-in-one-out, to maintain the reduction. The cap was then renewed to 2012.

In 2006, British Columbia introduced the Citizen Centered Regulatory Reform (CCRR).38 It focused on reducing the number of steps taken and the amount of time spent by citizens and businesses accessing government services and complying with requirements. Every year, ministries are asked to undertake one new CCRR project.

In 2008, the government introduced the “Small Business Lens” to ensure small business needs, in particular, are identified and considered when developing regulations.

In 2011, BC was the first province to enshrine into law a requirement to publish annual reports on the progress of the government’s regulatory reform initiatives.39 They published their first annual report for 2011/12.40

The Regulatory Reform Policy (updated June 2016) guides the development of all new and updated legislation, regulations, policies and forms.41 The government made a commitment to continually measure and monitor progress. In order to effectively minimize regulatory impacts on citizens and businesses they set out to apply five Regulatory Reform Principles. The five principles are; 1.Identify the Best Option; 2. Assess the Impact on Citizens, Business and Government; 3. Consult and Communicate; 4. Streamline Design; 5. Evaluate Regulation-Effectiveness.

When ministries submit drafts of legislation to Executive Council, they must include a signed Regulatory Impact Checklist and Regulatory Count document (or an exemption form). For changes expected to increase the number of regulatory requirements, a statement must be included indicating that the Regulatory Reform Branch has been consulted and that offsets have been, or will be found.

Saskatchewan

In 2013, the Saskatchewan Government introduced the Regulatory Modernization and Accountability Act.42 It requires the government to measure, report and reduce red tape.43

Manitoba

In December 2016, the Manitoba Government announced a Red Tape Reduction Task Force.44 The task force was set up to identify regulatory requirements that are identified as having a detrimental impact on the competitiveness of business or that degrade the quality and availability of public services.

Manitoba received the Red Tape Reduction Task Force in December of 2018.The purpose of the 14 member task force was to identify and eliminate regulatory requirements that were poorly written, duplicative, and/or not achieving their public policy goals. In May of 2018, the task force submitted a report45 outlining 20 priorities for regulatory amendments in four industries; Agriculture and Food Processing, Non-profit Organizations, Land Development, and Transportation. The task force was built on The Regulatory Accountability and Amendments to the Statutes and Regulations Act. This act issued that at least two regulatory requirements would be eliminated for every one established until March 31, 2021. Beyond 2021, only one would need to be removed46. Bill 12: The Red Tape Reduction and Government Efficiency Act was passed in 2018. The bill repealed four acts and amended others for the purpose of reducing and eliminating regulatory requirements/prohibitions and streamlining government operations47. In 2016, Manitoba passed Bill 208: The Regulatory Accountability and Transparency Act. The bill required the government to develop procedures to make the process for enacting regulations more transparent and to develop plans eliminating unnecessary regulations48.

Ontario

In 2014, the Ontario Government introduced the Burden Reduction Reporting Act,49 which requires the Minister (of Economic Development) to publish an annual report with respect to the actions taken to reduce regulatory burdens.

In March 2016, the Ontario Government launched the Red Tape Challenge50, inviting the public to pinpoint problems such as forms that are too complex and technical information that is hard to understand. Consultation is now closed.51 The Red Tape Challenge was modelled on a program from the U.K.52 (see below).

In September 2016, Ontario introduced the Burden Reduction Act.53 It was a package of specific legislative amendments intended to reduce regulatory burdens.54

Recommendations the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) had given Ontario in 2014

Introduce legislation with requirements to regularly publicly report and measure the impact of regulatory compliance (making it harder for future governments to abandon this practice)

Regularly review high impact regulations in particular

Prescribe regulatory reduction targets to ensure that there is zero net growth over time

Ensure that all government entities are subject to the same regulatory implementation process as government Ministries

In 2016 CFIB gave Ontario a B+ in recognition of the province’s efforts to reduce red tape.55

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia and New Brunswick jointly established the Office of Regulatory Affairs and Service Effectiveness in March, 2015. Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland & Labrador joined the office in November, 201556 and September, 201757 respectively. The office was created to “improve the business climate for economic growth and enhance the competitive positions of the [provinces] in the global economy,” by identifying and reducing regulatory burden to business. A three year term limit was set for the office but the participating governments have yet to confirm whether the office will be disbanded at the end of 2018. The office publishes a report each year and the 2017-2018 Annual Report58 showed that the government reduced burden to businesses by 23.2 million dollars.

United Kingdom

The Red Tape Challenge (RTC) was run by the UK government between 2011 and 2014. It was designed to crowdsource the views from businesses, organizations and the public on which regulations should be improved, kept or scrapped.

The initial scope included 21,000 statutory rules and regulations and the enforcement of regulations. Regulations in relation to tax or national security were excluded. The consultations during the RTC finally covered 5,662 regulations in 28 Themes and over 100 Sub-Themes.

Crowdsourcing is a means of decentralizing decision-making by asking the ‘crowd’ to express their views, propose solutions and give insights on a particular issue and then using these views in public policy. The Red Tape Challenge program invited the general public to comment via the internet on the usefulness of regulations within a set time limit. People could comment (anonymously) both publically through comments on the website or through a non-public e-mail inbox.

The regulations in scope were clustered in 28 Themes. 6 Themes covered general regulations (e.g., Equalities, Environment) and were open throughout the entire time. 20 Themes covered a specific sector or industry and were open for consultation over several weeks.59

Government of Canada

In 2011, the Government of Canada created the Red Tape Reduction Commission to identify irritants to small businesses that result from federal government rules and regulations. The Commission recommended ways to address those irritants and reduce the compliance burden on a lasting basis. To address the Commission’s recommendations for systemic regulatory reforms, the Government of Canada released its Red Tape Reduction Action Plan in 2012.

New Zealand

New Zealand introduced the Regulatory Improvement Bill in 2008. This bill proposed changes to various Acts in an effort to improve regulatory framework and to reduce the compliance burden on businesses60. In 2014, the country established the Rules Reduction Taskforce. The force would capture individual and business concerns about property regulations. It published “The loopy rules report” in September, 2015 with 75 recommendations. The government accepted 72 of the recommendations.

United States

The US government issued Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs61 on January 30, 2017. The executive order called for a net zero change in cost for the implementation of any new regulations and/or amendments in 2017. As such, every new regulation and/or amendment was coupled with the elimination/amendment of two existing regulations. This needs to be done with no regulatory cost increases.

Several US states have also implemented successful red tape reduction initiatives.

  1. https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/en/media/nearly-one-third-36-billion-cost-regulation-canada-unnecessary-red-tape\[🠝]
  2. https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/en/media/nearly-one-third-36-billion-cost-regulation-canada-unnecessary-red-tape[🠝]
  3. See: https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/sites/default/files/2018-01/2018-Red-Tape-Report-Card_0.pdf.[🠝]
  4. Source: CAPP, A competitive policy and regulatory framework for Alberta’s upstream oil and natural gas industry, p, 30. https://www.capp.ca/-/media/capp/customer-portal/publications/304673.pdf?modified=20180526213355[🠝]
  5. See: https://www.fraserinstitute.org/studies/natural-resource-regulation-in-alberta.[🠝]
  6. https://www.capp.ca/-/media/capp/customer-portal/publications/304673.pdf?modified=20180526213355[🠝]
  7. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/calgary-craft-brewer-edmonton-aglc-trucking-1.4976662[🠝]
  8. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/gelato-ice-cream-moonshine-alcoholic-1.4822610[🠝]
  9. https://business.financialpost.com/commodities/energy/imperial-oil-growth-on-hold-because-of-long-costly-uncertain-regulatory-environment-in-canada[🠝]
  10. https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/en/media/interprovincial-trade-improvements-even-more-necessary-given-us-trade-uncertainty\[🠝]
  11. https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/mining-materials/publications/11732[🠝]
  12. https://www.mqup.ca/whatever-happened-to-the-music-teacher–products-9780773541108.php[🠝]
  13. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-commentary/if-were-talking-obstruction-to-national-projects-its-always-been-the-provinces/article25980322/[🠝]
  14. See: https://www.calgarychamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2010-Alberta-Chamber-of-Commerce-resolution-Elimination-of-interprovincial-trade-barriers.pdf.[🠝]
  15. See: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/170914/dq170914d-eng.htm.[🠝]
  16. https://sencanada.ca/en/newsroom/government-must-tear-down-the-walls-created-by-internal-trade-barriers-to-free-canada-s-economy-senators-say/[🠝]
  17. See: https://economics.bmocapitalmarkets.com/economics/reports/20181026/sr181026-interprovincial.pdf.[🠝]
  18. The Alberta NDP has been lukewarm about supporting the eliminating of interprovincial barriers at the Council of Federation table. The UCP will be far more aggressive at the Council of the Federation table in calling for a “domestic free zone.”[🠝]
  19. https://www.cfta-alec.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/RCT-2018-2019-Work-Plan-List-of-Measures-Final-July-20-2018.pdf[🠝]
  20. Chapter 7 in the AIT as regards labour mobility also applies in the Canadian Free Trade Agreement and with exceptions as per below. From the CFTA website:((http://www.workersmobility.ca/labour-mobility/exceptions/ The Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) reaffirms the labour mobility provisions and obligations that were established under the 1995 Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT).
    Labour Mobility provisions of the CFTA (Chapter 7) state that certified workers have to be recognized as qualified to work by a regulatory body in another province or territory which regulates that occupation, without having to go through significant additional training, work experience, examination or assessment, unless an exception has been posted.
    In cases where certification requirements or occupational standards for a regulated occupation are very different from one jurisdiction to another, a government may approve an exception to full Labour Mobility based on a legitimate objective.
    Examples of legitimate objectives include the protection of public security and safety, public order, protection of human, animal or plant life or health, protection of the environment, etc. For a full listing of legitimate objectives please visit the Labour Mobility website.http://www.workersmobility.ca/labour-mobility/exceptions/ Currently, there are a small number of exceptions considering the number of regulated occupations that exist in Canada. https://www.cfta-alec.ca/labour-mobility/http://www.workersmobility.ca/labour-mobility/exceptions/[🠝]
  21. The Alberta NDP government has carved out current exemptions under the CFTA for:
    Land: Alberta exempted land ownership under several statues with the goal of preventing foreign ownership.
    Hunting: Alberta reserved the right to impose Alberta residency as a condition for hunting permits.
    Alcohol: Alberta reserved the right to control the sale and distribution of alcohol.
    Electricity: Alberta reserved the right to control who could own Power Purchase Agreements for electricity
    The Alberta NDP government has also carved out future exemptions under CFTA for:
    Alcohol: Very broad language restricting behavior in this sector
    Agriculture, forestry and fishing: reserve the right to take any action in these sectors
    Energy: Alberta reserves the right to adopt any measures on the licensing, registration, leasing and development of energy resources. Language also included, “other measures to implement current or future climate change objectives.” The Climate Leadership Plan (CLP) is specifically mentioned in this exception.
    Hazardous materials: measures related to management of these materials
    Regional development: Alberta reserves the right to adopt any measure related to “Regional Development.”[🠝]
  22. The New West Partnership was created in 2010 between Alberta, BC, and Saskatchewan. Manitoba joined in 2016. It succeeded the TILMA which had been between Alberta and BC beginning in 2006. The NWP is designed to create an “interprovincial free trade zone” among these provinces – including, but not limited to, the streamlining of regulations. University of Calgary Trevor Tombe has questioned the utility of the NWP – including for (1) lack of measurement and (2) too many exemptions.https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/opinion/analysis/new-west-partnership-imperfect-but-a-good-first-step-380293001.html.[🠝]
  23. Premiers Scott Moe and Doug Ford have signed an MOU to reduce interprovincial trade barriers. A UCP government will immediately join this MOU https://globalnews.ca/video/4607270/ford-announces-mou-to-lower-interprovincial-trade-barriers.[🠝]
  24. Alberta Chamber of Commerce – Vote Prosperity: The 2019 Election Platform of the Alberta Chambers of Commerce https://www.voteprosperityab.com/platform[🠝]
  25. Calgary Chamber – 2019 Alberta Election Platform: Businesses Drive Cities that Thrive https://www.calgarychamber.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Election-Platform-Web.pdf[🠝]
  26. Canadian Federation of Independent Business – 2019 Red Tape Report Card https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/sites/default/files/2019-01/red-tape-report-card-2019.pdf[🠝]
  27. Canadian Federation of Independent Business – March 2019 – Ten Policies to Better Support Small Business https://www.cfib-fcei.ca/sites/default/files/2019-03/policy-options-to-support-small-business-ab-mar-2019_0.pdf[🠝]
  28. https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/canada-oilpatch-investors-1.4649043[🠝]
  29. Fraser Institute News Release: Alberta must cut red tape to attract investment https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2018/10/23/1625264/0/en/Fraser-Institute-News-Release-Alberta-must-cut-red-tape-to-attract-investment.html[🠝]
  30. News Release: The Alberta government urgently needs to increase competitiveness in the oil and natural gas sector https://www.capp.ca/media/news-releases/the-alberta-government-urgently-needs-to-increase-competitiveness[🠝]
  31. https://chambermaster.blob.core.windows.net/userfiles/UserFiles/chambers/2340/CMS/POLICY/Red-Carpet-Not-Red-Tape.pdf[🠝]
  32. https://www.reddeerchamber.com/blog/red-deer-district-chamber-of-commerce-3518/post/regulations-key-to-competitiveness-14342[🠝]
  33. https://www.atb.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/About/Alberta-Economic-Outlook-May-2018.pdf[🠝]
  34. https://www.thehitch.ca/test-of-mettle/[🠝]
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